Category Archives: Law and Justice / Human Rights

No Women, No Peace: Gender Equality, Conflict and Peace in Myanmar

Myanmar Policy Briefing

There has long been a need for a deeper understanding of the intersections of gender, ethnicity and other identities in peace-building and democratisation. Progress on the rights of women and the participation by women’s organisations in conflict resolution and national reform are vital if sustainable peace and democracy are to be built within the country.

The article can be read and downloaded on Transnational Institute (TNI) online.

The Transnational Institute (TNI) is an international research and advocacy institute committed to building a just, democratic and sustainable planet. Please read here more about their visions and values.

Power in India: radical pathways

India has strongly entrenched power hierarchies that have historical roots but have also been exacerbated by inequalities and injustices that have deepened with economic globalisation. However grassroots political movements are emerging in India that could signal a gradual shift to direct or radical democracy, coupled with making representative democracy more accountable and ecologically sustainable.

The article can be read and downloaded on Transnational Institute (TNI) online.

The Transnational Institute (TNI) is an international research and advocacy institute committed to building a just, democratic and sustainable planet. Please read here more about their visions and values.

Freedom technologists and the future of global justice

In the wake of early 2010s upheavals such as the Arab Spring, Spain’s indignados, or the global Occupy movement, many commentators were quick to either invoke the presumed tech-savvy of ‘digital natives’ or the purported ‘cyber-utopianism’ of net freedom advocates who supported the protests. But what role have internet freedom activists – or ‘freedom technologists’ – played in ongoing struggles for progressive political change around the world and how can the pursuit of liberty be combined with the struggle for social justice?

To read or download the article, please visit the Transnational Institute (TNI) online.

The Transnational Institute (TNI) is an international research and advocacy institute committed to building a just, democratic and sustainable planet. Please read here more about their visions and values.

The global post-democratic order

In the era of globalisation, the steady removal of decision-making from democratic chambers by EU elites is serving as a blueprint for post-democratic governance around the world. Progressives must be ambitious and start putting forward ideas for a democratic world government as a viable alternative.

To read or download the article, please visit the Transnational Institute (TNI) online.

The Transnational Institute (TNI) is an international research and advocacy institute committed to building a just, democratic and sustainable planet. Please read here more about their visions and values.

The Effect of Industrial Cluster Policy on Firm Performance in Ethiopia: Evidence from the Leather Footware Clust

by Tigabu Degu Getahun

This paper empirically analyzes the productivity, profitability,  innovation and network effects of a public policy promoting micro and small scale industrial clusters in Ethiopia. To this end,
firm-level survey data was collected from randomly selected clustered leather shoe manufacturers that have directly benefited from the policy and those that do not, both before and after the cluster policy intervention. The results from econometric an
alysis suggests that the industrial cluster policy adversely impacts the productivity, profitability, growth, and innovation performance of the small and micro leather shoe manufacturing enterprises that moved to the government created clusters . The analysis of the transmission mechanism further reveals that the relocated cluster policy hampers the treated firms’ collaborative business and knowledge network and aggravates their growth impediments
which includes lack of trust, high customer and suppliersearch and reach cost, lack of market information, imperfect contract enforcement, delays in the supply of raw materials and the lack of skilled labor. The time lag between policy implementation and its impacts may conceal the long-term impact of the cluster policy. The overwhelming majority of the representatives of treatment group firms also continue to believe that their buisness performance will improve over time as a result of their participation in the MSE cluster development program. This study is a pioneer to quantitatively evaluate the productivity, profitability, innovation and network effect of industrial cluster policy in Ethiopia.
The paper can be read or downloaded here.