Category Archives: Natural Resources

Public Panel Discussion – Human Rights and Environmental Governance: From Marginalization to Empowerment

On September 5, 2017, the RLC Campus Bonn and the Association of German Development Services (AGdD) organised a public panel discussion on Human Rights and Environmental Governance jointly with the Adult Education Center Bonn. Juan Pablo Orrego, Alternative Nobel Prize Laureate (1998) and founder of the Chilean NGO Ecosistemas, discussed with the Deputy Director of the German Development Institute (DIE), Dr. Imme Scholz, the importance of community involvement in the decision making process of large scale “development” projects that affect the social and ecological livelihoods of people. A special emphasis was put on collaborations and on information spreading between the affected people, activists and policy advisors. Additionally, two participants of the RLC/AGdD workshop spoke on the panel; Ms. Sandhya Kumar presented research findings on how policies are established practically in local communities, using the example of “Right to Food” in India. Wolfang Dörner, peace consultant for the “Forum Ziviler Friedensdienst”, gave insight into challenges in creating grassroot organisations and networks in the conflict-ridden and mineral-rich southern Philippines. The discussion was moderated by Dr. Merjam Wakili (Deutsche Welle) and supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

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RLC PhD student Willis Okumu publishes paper in the Journal of Modern African Studies

RLC PhD graduate Willis Okumu published an article in the September Volume of the journal of Modern African studies, together with Kaderi Noagah Bukari, Papa Sow and Evans Onyiego, on “The role of elite rivalry and ethnic politics in livestock raids in northern Kenya”. They analyse the changing culture of cattle raids in northern Kenya, focusing on new arising business- and political elites who use the existing ethnic rivalry to mobilise raids to gain control over limited resources in the region.
The paper can be found here.

“Partnership For Peace”: New article published by Fidelis Allen

Dr. Fidelis Allen is director of the Center for Gender and Conflict Studies of University Port Harcourt.

Recently Fidelis Allen has published an articel
“Partnership For Peace, Tackling The Threats And Raising The Prospects for Raising For Justice in Rivers State” in Advances in the Social Sciences Research Journal.

You have the opportunity to read the article
Partnership For Peace here.

Marginality as a Root Cause of Poverty: Identifying Marginality Hotspots in Ethiopia

by Christine Husmann

Marginality refers to a position at the margins of social, political, economic, ecological, and biophysical systems. The paper applies this concept to the case of Ethiopia. Marginality hotspots are mapped by overlaying seven different indicators using Geographic Information System software. Results show that people in the South-West and in the North are most marginalized. Overlaying marginality hotspots with a map of agro-ecological belts shows that a large share of marginality hotspots is located in areas with low agricultural potential. Marginality is not bound to specific ethnic groups but ethnic fractionalization is significantly lower in marginality hotspots than in other areas.

The article can be read and downloaded here.

Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development

by Ephraim Nkonya, Alisher Mirzabaev and Joachim von Braun
This book on Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement
provides withvaluable knowledge and information both at the global, regional, and national levels on the costs of land degradation and benefits of taking action against land degradation. A key advantage of this book is that it goes beyond the conventional market values of only crop and livestock products lost due to land degradation, but seeks to capture all major terrestrial losses of ecosystem services. Twelve carefully selected national case studies provide rich information about various local contexts of cost
of land degradation as evaluated by local communities, drivers of land degradation,and amenable strategies for sustainable land management.

The research presented in the book shows that investments to address landdegradation have significant economic payoffs. Next to investments, we have to address the question of adoption of sustainable land management practices and policies. To implement land restoration, we need to understand obstacles within the

social, economic, and the political context. The results of this study show that particular attention needs to be paid to tangible local incentives for taking action against land degradation. This requires secure land rights, enhancing extensionservices, and empowering local communities to manage their natural resources. The
identification of implementation pathways through multitakeholder processesassumes a particular importance in this regard. This book can serve as a highlyvaluable resource and reference for policymakers, civil society, researchers, and practitioners.
Single sections of the publication or the whole book can be downloaded here.